Everything You Need to Know About Kidney Stones ManglamPlus Medicity

Everything You Need to Know About Kidney Stones

Kidney or renal stones are irregularly shaped masses of minerals and hard deposits formed inside the kidneys. They can be as small as a grain of rice or as large as a golf ball. According to the top nephrologist in Jaipur, among the many reasons behind kidney stones, some of the reasons include diet, medical conditions, excess body weight, and certain supplements and medications that can be the reason behind renal stones.

You may not even realize you have a kidney stone depending on the size of the stone or stones. As per the best nephrology doctor in Jaipur, a small renal stone also causes a lot of pain as it passes down the urinary tract. Drinking fluids can help the process.

Signs and Symptoms of Kidney Stones

Kidney stones can cause severe pain. Generally, pain does not occur until the stone passes into the urinary tract. The intense pain due to it is called renal colic. One may also experience severe pain on one side of the back or abdomen. As per the best urologist in Jaipur, sometimes men with kidney stones may also experience pain in the groin area which may come and go occasionally. Some of the other symptoms of renal stones are:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Blood in the urine
  • Frequent urination
  • Fever and chills
  • Discoloured or foul-smelling urine
  • Burning sensation or pain while urinating


The kidney stones cause pain when it leads to blockage or irritation. The only medication to relieve kidney stones, especially smaller ones is analgesics. Surgery may be required in more severe cases.

Causes of Kidney Stones

There is no one definite cause behind renal stones. Different factors play a role in the occurrence of stones in the kidney. The stones are formed from substances that normally pass out of the body through the urine. When they fail to do so, mainly due to a smaller volume of urine, causing the substances to become highly concentrated and crystallise. This is mainly due to not drinking enough water. A typical kidney stone may be formed from one or more salts like calcium, oxalate, and uric acid. More rare forms of stone are formed of cystine and xanthine.

Some of the other risk factors for renal stones include:

  • Obesity
  • Dehydration
  • Hyperparathyroid condition
  • Diet with high levels of protein, salt, or glucose
  • Gastric bypass surgery
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Certain medications


Diagnosis of Kidney Stones

The best nephrologist surgeon in Jaipur will discuss the symptoms and your medical history and then would suggest some diagnostic tests. The tests include:

  • Imaging tests like X-ray, CT scan, and ultrasound to analyze the size, shape, location, and the number of your kidney stones.
  • Blood tests to find out how well the kidneys are functioning
  • Urine tests to look for any signs of infection and examines the levels of the substances that form kidney stones.


As per the best kidney care hospital in Jaipur, kidney stones puts you at more risk of developing chronic kidney conditions. Drinking enough fluids, managing weight, limiting salt intake, and taking the prescribed medications are a few ways to stay away from kidney stones.

Before making any changes to your diet or lifestyle, it is best to consult with the top nephrologist in Jaipur. They would suggest the best approach and will help you make the necessary changes that will help you prevent any further chance of kidney stones along with eliminating the present ones.